Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF) is a modern public university, established in 1990 and located in three neighbouring campuses in the city centre of Barcelona. UPF was founded to develop a new university model in Catalonia and Spain, noted for quality teaching, proximity to the students, a high level of internationalisation and emphasis on research and innovation. All its indicators have made it a benchmark for the Spanish university system.
As the oldest university in the English-speaking world, Oxford is a unique and historic institution. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. In 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the assembled Oxford dons and in 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the first known overseas student, set in motion the University's tradition of international scholarly links.
Leiden University is the oldest university in the Netherlands. It was founded in February 1575, as a gift from William of Orange to the citizens of Leiden after they had withstood a long siege by the Spanish. It was the first university in the Netherlands to practise freedom of belief and religion, as reflected in the university's motto, Praesidium Libertatis, Bastion of Liberty. It was this atmosphere of freedom of speech that provided the right environment for philosophers such as Spinoza and Descartes to develop their ideas.
The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies is one of the world’s leading centres of teaching and research which focuses on international relations and development issues. The Institute has a long-standing reputation of excellence and shares strong ties with the international and non-governmental organisations in Geneva as well as being home to a diverse and vibrant group of students and faculty from all over the world.
The name is derived from the Collège de Sorbonne, founded in 1257 by Robert de Sorbon as one of the first significant colleges of the medieval University of Paris. The university as such predates the college by about a century, and minor colleges had been founded already in the late 12th century. The Collège de Sorbonne was suppressed during the French revolution, reopened by Napoleon in 1808 and finally closed in 1882. This was only one of the many colleges of the University of Paris that existed until the French revolution.
The Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) is a public research university located in Madrid, and one of the oldest universities in the world (founded in 1499 by Cardenal Cisneros, as Universitas Complutensis). It is located on a sprawling campus that occupies the entirety of the Ciudad Universitaria district of Madrid, with annexes in the district of Somosaguas in the neighboring city of Pozuelo de Alarcón.
A Czech and Roman king Charles IV founded the Prague university by a deed of foundation on April 7, 1348 as a first university (studium generale) to the north of the Alps and to the east of Paris. The Charles University belongs to old European universities. It followed the example of the Bolognese and the Parisian universities and in a short time became internationally famous.
As the university was founded in 1640 by Queen Christina of Sweden (1626–1689) in Turku, as the Royal Academy of Turku, the senior part of the school formed the core of the new university, while the junior year courses formed a grammar school. It was the third university founded in the Swedish Empire, following Uppsala University and the Academia Gustaviana in Dorpat (predecessor to the University of Tartu in Estonia).
The Jagiellonian has a student body of more than 41,000, including more than 2,200 doctoral candidates. Courses are offered in 46 disciplines, taught by more than 4,000 lecturers and professors, with another 2,000 support and administrative staff.
Since its foundation in 1996-97, the Institute of Political Studies, Catholic University of Portugal has gathered together most of the best Portuguese senior scholars and professionals in Political Science and International Relations, Security and Defence. Its MA and PhD Programmes have aimed at fostering an international atmosphere where longing for knowledge and the excitement of ideas are open to all - provided one is prepared to work hard and engage in the critical examination of different lines of argument, tested by experience.